World Emigrant

Questions and Answers

Immigration and emigration

A person who wants to leave his country forever or for a long time, sooner or later faces the concepts of “emigration” and “immigration”. These words have long entered the life of a modern person and began to play a decisive role for those who do not see further prospects in their homeland. Starting preparations for the process of moving, you need to correctly understand what these two concepts mean.

To the question of terms

Emigration (from emigro (lat.) – eviction) means leaving one’s country for personal, political, economic or other reasons. This is a voluntary change of the country of one’s permanent residence.

Immigration (from immigro (lat.) – settlement) means entering the territory from another country in order to obtain a residence permit with a permanent residence permit or a residence permit.

However, formal definitions cannot reveal the deeper meaning of the processes of emigration and immigration. On the one hand, this is life away from the homeland, the usual way of life and way of life in a country with a foreign culture, language and traditions. On the other hand, this is a real opportunity to start a new life in more decent conditions and with good prospects.

What do you need to emigrate

A person decides to emigrate when the living conditions in his native country become unacceptable for him: military conflicts, persecution for political and national reasons, a dangerous criminogenic situation, poor ecology, the impossibility of creative realization, a low standard of living without the slightest hope of improvement. Emigration implies compulsory naturalization, i.e. obtaining permanent residence and a new citizenship, often with the refusal of the previous one, although in some countries dual citizenship is allowed.

If earlier emigration was associated with a complete severing of ties with one’s country and homesickness, today, thanks to technological progress, this process is less painful. Modern means of communication make it possible to maintain contacts with relatives and friends, and the development of transport links with all corners of the world makes it possible to come home very often.

For an emigrant, the main motive for leaving is the desire to leave the country due to the impossibility of further residence in the existing conditions. Therefore, the choice of country plays a secondary role here. Usually, a state is chosen for residence, in which it will be easiest to stay. Such a person chooses a country with a loyal immigration policy and often agrees to a low-paid job.

Emigration is leaving a country, and immigration is the process of entering another country to work and live, involving a large number of formalities: obtaining visa documents, residence permits, declaring one’s income and proof of solvency. For the implementation of emigration, it is necessary to provide for several important points:

  • the presence of a significant amount that will be required for paperwork, payment of duties and fees, transportation costs and settling in a new place;
  • knowledge of what is needed to consolidate in a foreign social environment: professional skills, ideas, language skills, knowledge of culture and traditions;
  • lack of obligations to the native country (unpaid taxes, alimony, debts and bank loans).

Subtleties of the immigration process

An immigrant has a somewhat different attitude to a change in meta-residence. Such a person, first of all, seeks to improve his financial situation and improve his social status. He looks for better prospects and selects the country more carefully. The main criteria that determine the choice are the stability of the economy and the political situation, a high standard of living, and the opportunity to make a career. An important role is played by how easy it is to obtain a work permit in the country and the corresponding civil status.

The policy of different countries regarding immigrants looks different. Countries with a high level of economic development, first of all, try to provide work for their citizens. To protect their domestic labor market, they impose a large number of restrictions on foreign job seekers. To get a vacancy, it is necessary that there are no applicants from among the citizens of this country, and for European countries – also citizens of the European Union. In those countries where the economy is actively developing and there is a shortage of labor resources, it is much easier for an immigrant to get a job and a residence permit.

You can leave to live in another country and stay there forever for many reasons: reuniting with relatives, getting a job, entering a foreign university, acquiring real estate, investing in the economy, obtaining refugee status.

In order not to make a mistake with the choice of a country, it is important to familiarize yourself with the information about it in advance:

  • what programs and laws regarding immigration exist in the selected country;
  • possible forms of immigration (work, study, purchase of real estate, family reunification, marriage, etc.);
  • requirements that apply to immigrants (no criminal record, a certain level of income, professional qualifications);
  • where to submit documents and deadlines for their execution;
  • on which a positive decision depends.

It is very important to conduct the immigration process in legal ways and not look for roundabout ways. Illegally obtained or forged documents will be detected immediately after the first contacts with the tax office or the police. In addition to a large fine, violators will face deportation and a ban on visiting the country for a very long time. Then the hopes of a life in more worthy conditions may be unrealizable.